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Home / Kerala / Wildlife in Kerala / Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary


Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala

A total of 39 species of mammals, 268 species of birds and 61 species of reptiles inhabit the forests of Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala. Snuggled up in a valley amidst the ranges of the Anamali and Nelliyampathy hills, the wildlife sanctuary offers excellent options of boating along the reservoir as well as trekking opportunities across the forest terrain. Staying in tree houses, being in close contact with nature and exploring a variety of faunal and floral species inside Parambikulam Sanctuary definitely turns out to be a rich travel experience. The sanctuary sprawls over an area of 285 sq km and occupies a position in the Palakkad district of Kerala.

Best Time to Visit
The winter months between October and March prove to be ideal for enjoying a wildlife tour in the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala.

Wildlife Attractions
Both in terms of animal species and vegetation, the wildlife sanctuary offers good opportunities for nature lovers and explorers. Be ready to spot major animal species like the Niligiri Tahr, elephant, Nilgiri langur, wild boar, bonnet macaque, lion-tailed macaque, panther, sloth bear and gaur among others. Nilgiri marten is also a major mammal attraction in these forests.

The sanctuary is also home to a variety of bird species including a number of endemic ones that are found only in the Western Ghats region. Commonly spotted bird in Parambikulam are grey headed fish eagle, darter, little cormorant, Peninsular bay owl, great pied hornbill, black woodpecker and black capped kingfisher among others.

Different reptile species can also be spotted in the park. Travancore kukri snake, Cochin cane turtle, Malabar pit viper, South Indian rock lizard, spectacled cobra, krait, Western Ghats flying lizard, mountain skink and the Travancore tortoise are some of the reptiles found in the sanctuary.

Things to Do
There is a reservoir named Parambikulam Reservoir, located within the confines of the sanctuary. Boat cruises are frequently on offer. Take your family and kids on the cruise and enjoy exploring the wildlife riches of the sanctuary and watching different wildlife species at close quarters.

Adventure lovers can look forward to set out on scenic treks inside the wildlife sanctuary. But before you actually start on your trekking tour, do remember to acquire permission for the same from the officials of the forest department.

For a genuine taste of wildlife adventure, travelers can also decide to book their stay in the tree house, that stands in the Reserve Forest area at Thoonakkadavu. It is advisable to book your stay here in advance to avoid any hassle.

Reaching the Wildlife Sanctuary
Pollachi, at 65 km, is the closest town from Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary. If you prefer traveling by air, you first need to fly down to the airport at Coimbatore, located 55 km away from Palakkad and 120 km from Parambikulam. Further, you need to undertake a drive from Palakkad to Pollachi. Pollachi, which is the nearest town from the wildlife sanctuary, also happens to be nearest railway station. By road, Parambikulam Sanctuary is accessible from all the key cities in southern India.