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Charminar, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh


Charminar Andhra Pradesh


Hyderabad, the capital of Andhra Pradesh is known because of its famous architectural and important monument, Charminar. This is one of the prime and important tourist attractions of South India. Charminar is also known as a land mark of Hyderabad which stands proudly at the centre of the city. Charminar was constructed in the year 1591 by Mohammed Quli Shah. This great architectural monument of Hyderabad shows the power and victory of the city and their Nawabs. This monument is built with granite, lime and mortar and known for its architecture. Charminar was constructed by the Sultan in honor of his beloved wife Bhagmati. There are several lively bazaars around this beautiful monument.

Charminar in Hyderabad is a square in structure with four towers (minarets) on the four sides. All the four sides are also accompanied with giant arches, 11 meters wide and 20 meters in height. According to Islam, these all four minarets are the symbol of four Khalifas of Islam. All four minarets are 24 meters from the roof of Charminar and have four storeys and delicately carved. From the ground to the apex, the minarets cover a length of 48.7 metres. On the west side of Charminar is the oldest mosque of Hyderabad.

History of Charminar
Charminar was constructed in 1591 by Sultan Mohammad Quli Shah, the 5th ruler of Qutub Shahi dynasty shortly after shifting his capital from Golkonda to Hyderabad. This famous architectural monument was constructed in honor of the wife of the Sultan. Charminar is constructed in the center of the city and surrounded by several famous bazaars and markets. He built this famous structure to commemorate the elimination of a plague epidemic from this city. For the end of the plague from the city, he is said to pray and that is why he vowed to build a mosque. In 1591, Sultan started the constructed of Charminar for the peace and prosperity of the city. Today one can see the city as evidence of the prayer being answered. This mosque became popular and now known as Charminar because of its famous four minarets.

This beautiful monument of Hyderabad is built by granite, lime and mortar and the heart of the city. There is also a legend of an underground tunnel connecting the palace at Golkonda to Charminar. It is said that this underground tunnel was possibly intended as an escape route for the Qutub Shahi rulers in case of a siege. Right now the exact location of the tunnel is unknown.

Construction of Charminar
Charminar is the fine example and specimen of Islamic architecture. This monument is the great tribute to aesthetics looks but if you will see it from close distance then it emerges as an elegant and romantic edifice. Charminar looks equally spectacular at night. This impressive and beautiful monument of Hyderabad is square in shape with 48.7 meter high four minarets. There are 149 winding steps in each minaret and from the top it provides a panoramic view of the city from all four sides. Each side of the structure opens into a plaza through giant arches. Each arch is 11 meter wide and rises 20 m to the pinnacle from the plinth. In the year 1889 four clocks were installed. The look of this beautiful monument is unique and attracts everyone.

There is a vault which appears from inside like a dome and supports two galleries within the Charminar. The main gallery has 45 covered prayers spaces with a large open space for Friday prayers. During the Mughal Governorship between Qutb Shahi and Asaf Jahi rule, the south western minaret broke into peaces because of lightning and the repaired in 1824. During that time the costing of remaking of this minaret was Rs. 60,000 and it was re-plastered at a cost of Rs. 100,000. Charminar also overlook another beautiful, grand and famous mosque called Makkah Masjid. The area surrounding Charminar is also known by same name.

Around Charminar, Hyderabad
Hyderabad is also famous for its markets and bazaars. Charminar in Hyderabad is surrounded by markets and many other structures. There is a thriving market which lies around Charminar. This market attracts people and merchandise of every description. There are several famous places in this market known as Chow Mohalla palace, Shahali Banda, Laad Bazar, Kali Kaman and Patthar Gatti and Mecca Masjid. Charminar market had some 14,000 shops. There are some famous markets known as Laad Baazar and Pather Gatti, near the Charminar. These markets are known for their jewellery, especially known for exquisite bangles and pearls respectively.

How to Reach Charminar
By Air: Hyderabad is well connected to the rest of the world with both national and international flights. Hyderabad airport is divided into two parts, domestic and international terminals. Domestic terminal is called N.T. Rama Rao Domestic terminal and international airport is known as Rajiv Gandhi International Terminal. The airport is located at Begumpet.

By Rail: For railway, Secunderabad is the head office for Southern and Central railways. There are two major railway stations as Hyderabad railway station and Kacheguda railway station. All of these three railway stations are well connected with other major states with some of the luxury and deluxe rails.

By Road: By Road, Hyderabad city is well connected to all the other major states like Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Orissa. Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation covers almost all the major cities and states through its private and government buses.